CUE Minimum Demands Online learning in colleges and universities

A recent report by Universities Fund revealed that most of the universities were unprepared to offer online classes.

The report revealed that those that already had online programmes did not have the capacity to handle a large number of students.

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“As universities hurriedly started to offer online classes, they were not able to put systems in place that could accommodate all students regardless of their geographical location,” states the report.

This is because most universities started offering online classes after the directive of President Uhuru Kenyatta on March 15 to shut all learning institutions.

Among the platforms used by universities to roll out online teaching include Moodle Learning Managing Systems, emails, zoom, Google classroom/meet, Microsoft Teams, Kenet systems, WhatsApp, internally developed systems, Hangouts and Big Blue Button.

The survey indicates that the systems and platforms put in place by universities only favoured students with access to electricity, the internet, smart phones and laptops, and those conversant with how the electronic gadgets work.

The critical areas that CUE wants to be improved are; examinations, assessments, students’ support, faculty and staff development, physical infrastructure and technological infrastructure.


  • Universities should describe how tests are administered for ODeL programmes
  • Universities should outline the tools in use for student authentication during examinations.
  • Universities should demonstrate how they ensure students adhere to examination protocols, including invigilation and checking academic dishonesty.
  • Universities must ensure issues around security of examinations are in place. universities must institute mechanisms in place for ODeL examinations during setting, handling, packaging, execution and marking.
  • All universities to issue A documented procedure for quality assurance of ODeL examinations to CUE for quality audit.


  • Universities should exhibit how assessments are conducted, how student assessment reports are generated, analyzed and archived.
  • Universities must demonstrate how feedback on assessment is communicated to the students; and how they are integrated in review of the curriculum.
  • Universities to give details of their IT infrastructure.
  • Universities must also demonstrate they have set up software to detect academic dishonesty including deception, plagiarism, theft and fraud.
  • There must be a system in place for archiving past examination questions and results for ease of retrieval.

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